Canada: History, Identity, and Culture, Grade 12, University Preparation (CHI4U)

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Course Title :Canada: History, Identity, and Culture, Grade 12, University Preparation (CHI4U)
Course Name :Canada: History, Identity, and Culture
Course Code :CHI4U
Grade :-
Course Type :University Preparation
Credit Value :1.0
Prerequisite :Any university (U) or university/college (M) preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies.
Curriculum Policy Document:Canadian and World Studies, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, 2015 (Revised)

Course Description

This course traces the history of Canada, with a focus on the evolution of our national identity and culture as well as the identity and culture of various groups that make up Canada. Students will explore various developments and events, both national and international, from precontact to the present, and will examine various communities in Canada and how they have contributed to identity and heritage in Canada. Students will investigate the development of culture and identity, including national identity, in Canada and how and why they have changed throughout the country’s history. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate the people, events, and forces that have shaped Canada.

Outline of Course Content

Unit Titles and DescriptionsTime and Sequence
Unit 1: Early European Settlement:

What were some of the conditions in Europe that led so many people to make that dangerous migration across the treacherous Atlantic Ocean during the 17th and 18th centuries? In this first unit students will tackle this question head-on focusing on the first European contact with Canada's Indigenous peoples, the diverse impacts of contact on Indigenous peoples, and exploring the socio-cultural differences and similarities of AngloFrench colonial settlement.

20 hours
Unit 2: Colonial Canada

In unit two, students will learn about the wars of the 18th and 19th centuries, understanding the economic and political context and impacts of those wars in North America. Ultimately, during this period, English supremacy prevailed in North America by 1763. However, this supremacy would be tested many times. First, was during the American Revolution that started in 1775. The colony of Canada would experience social change as a result of proximity to the 13 colonies, most significantly, the arrival of thousands of British loyalists fleeing the United States. The war of 1812 was another test to British supremacy in North America as the newly independent United States of America sought to invade Canada. Finally, students will learn about the impact of this period in Atlantic, Northwest, and Pacific Canada where rebellions against British rule were beginning.

15 hours
Unit 3: Building the New Dominion

In unit three, students will learn about the causes and contributing factors that ultimately led to Confederation, the unions of Canada’s provinces to form the Dominion of Canada. Students will explore how the two party system of government evolved after 1867 and some of the traditional Conservative and Liberal policies and politics that built and shaped Canada after Confederation and into the 20th century through an investigation of two famous Prime Ministers: John
A. Macdonald and Wilfrid Laurier. This period in Canada’s history is one of nation building, characterized by unprecedented economic growth. Students will learn about the settlement of Canada’s western frontier and the discovery of gold in Canada’s north. These economic changes also spurred social growth, as Canada’s population swelled thanks to a new wave of immigrants from Europe.

15 hours
Unit 4: Two World Wars and Depression

The two world wars are considered ‘catalysts of national development’. In this unit students will come to appreciate the exceptional role Canada played in the wars of the century and how these contributions contributed to growing Canadian identity. Students will reflect on the courage, valour, and sacrifices that were made by Canadians in their passionate defense of Canadian values. The Great Depression is examined and recognized as yet another tumultuous period in Canadian history. In addition to the turmoil of the World Wars and Great Depression, students will learn about the progressive social change that Canada experienced between the Two World Wars. The interwar years was a time of unprecedented social change, especially the expansion of human rights.

20 hours
Unit 5: Postwar Canada

In this unit, students will explore the social, political, and economic changes to Canadian society in the postwar period (1945-1982). Canada made the biggest advances in protecting its citizens from economic hardship and human rights violations in the decades following World War Two. Despite these social advances, students will learn about how the world was plunged back into conflict during the Cold War and Canada's role in international affairs as a middle power and peacekeeper. The theme of activism was significant during the 1960s across Canada and students will explore a variety of social movements including human rights, feminism, multiculturalism, and environmentalism.

15 hours
Unit 6: Modern Canada

In this unit, students will explore the domestic political scene in Canada, including constitutional developments, Canada’s political parties, and regional political tensions. The modern period (1982 to the present) is also a time when globalization began to deeply influence Canada. Students will analyze the influence of globalization including Canada’s changing relationship with the United States and other countries around the world in terms of economics, social policies, and cultural events. A main imperative of this course has been to describe the evolution of Canadian identity and so students will summarize the influence of French, British, and American relations. Students will conclude by reflecting on a common theme throughout the course: human rights. In the modern period, Canada has made considerable effort to correct past injustices through commemorations and reparations.

15 hours
Unit 7: Final Summative Assessment

Project As a final culminating assignment, students will complete a Major Research Project. This project is worth 30% of the final grade.

10 hours
Total110 hours