English as a Second Language Level 1, Open (ESLAO)
|Course Title :
|English as a Second Language Level 1, (ESLAO)
|Course Name :
|English as a Second Language Level 1
|Course Code :
|Course Type :
|Credit Value :
|Curriculum Policy Document:
|ESL and ESD, The Ontario Curriculum,Grades 9 and 12, 2007 (Revised)
|Most Recent Revision Date:
This course builds on students’ previous education and language knowledge to introduce them to the English language and help them adjust to the diversity in their new environment. Students will use beginning English language skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing for everyday and essential academic purposes. They will engage in short conversations using basic English language structures and simple sentence patterns; read short adapted texts; and write phrases and short sentences. The course also provides students with the knowledge and skills they need to begin to adapt to their new lives in Canada.
Overall Curriculum Expectations
A1 Demonstrate the ability to understand, interpret and evaluate spoken English for a variety of purposes;
A2: use speaking skills and strategies to communicate in English for a variety of classroom and social purposes
A3: use correctly the language structures appropriate for this level to communicate orally in English
B1 read and demonstrate understanding of a variety of texts for different purposes
B2 use a variety of reading strategies throughout the reading process to extract meaning from texts B3 use a variety of strategies to build vocabulary
B4 locate and extract relevant information from written and graphic texts for a variety of purposes
C1 write in a variety of forms for different purposes and audiences C2 Organize ideas coherently in writing
C3 use correctly the conventions of written English appropriate for this level, including grammar, usage, spelling, and punctuation;
C4 use the stages of the writing process
D1 use English and non-verbal communication strategies appropriately in a variety of social contexts;
D2 demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of Canadian citizenship, and of the contributions of diverse groups to Canadian society;
D3 demonstrate knowledge of and adaptation to the Ontario education system;
D4 demonstrate an understanding of, interpret, and create a variety of media texts.
Outline of Course Content
Titles and Descriptions
Time and Sequence
In this unit, students will learn about how to work in school. The big ideas of this unit are how to make new friends and how to know where is my classroom or something like washroom, library, and lockers.
In this unit, students learn about what is Citizenship.
The big ideas of this unit are what makes a Citizen and Canadian symbols
In this unit I learned how Canada Family look like and what is Canada Family.
In this unit, students learn about the book “Mieko and the Five Treasures” The big idea in this book is Mieko go to new school and how she found the new friend. but he didn’t like her new school, because Mieko lost her left hand, and no one wanted to be her friend. Mieko loved to paint so much, but she thought she can’t paint again because she lost her hand. After Mieko found her new friend Yoshi, and she started to paint again, because she joined a painting contest.
Final Summative Assessment
The final summative assessments are both oral and written. The oral presentation builds on their memoir construction skills and is presented as a dramatic monologue. (15%)
The exam assesses skills developed throughout the year in accordance with the provincial achievement chart and the course’s overall expectations. (15%)
|P = Product
|O = Assessment OF Learning
|O = Observation
|F = Assessment FOR Learning
|C = Conversation
|A = Assessment AS Learning
Term Work 70%
Class Discussion on School
A2.2, B1.1, C1.2
Being a Canadian discussion
A2.3, B1.2, C2.1, D2.2
Discussion on Family
A3.1, B4.1, C3.2, D2.3
B1.1, B1.3, C2.2, C4.3
Final Summative Assessment (30%)
Total Marks (Assessment of Learning only)
Since the over-riding aim of this course is to help students use language skillfully, confidently and flexibly, a wide variety of instructional strategies are used to provide learning opportunities to accommodate a variety of learning styles, interests and ability levels. These include:
Directed Reading Activities
Analysis of Exemplars
Assessment is a systematic process of collecting information or evidence about a student’s progress towards meeting the learning expectations. Assessment is embedded in the instructional activities throughout a unit. The expectations for the assessment tasks are clearly articulated and the learning activity is planned to make that demonstration possible. This process of beginning with the end in mind helps to keep focus on the expectations of the course. The purpose of assessment is to gather the data or evidence and to provide meaningful feedback to the student about how to improve or sustain the performance in the course. Scaled criteria designed as rubrics are often used to help the student to recognize their level of achievement and to provide guidance on how to achieve the next level. Although assessment information can be gathered from a number of sources (the student himself, the student’s course mates, the teacher), evaluation is the responsibility of only the teacher. For evaluation is the process of making a judgment about the assessment information and determining the percentage grade or level.
The assessment will be based on the following processes that take place in the classroom:
|Assessment FOR Learning
|Assessment AS Learning
|Assessment OF Learning
During this process the teacher seeks information from the students in order to decide where the learners are and where they need to go.
During this process the teacher fosters the capacity of the students and establishes individual goals for success with each one of them.
During this process the teacher reports student’s results in accordance to established criteria to inform how well students are learning.
Classroom discussion Self-evaluation Peer assessment
|Classroom discussion Small group discussion Post-lab conferences
|Presentations of research Debates
|Drama workshops (taking direction) Steps in problem solving
|Presentations Group Presentations
|Reflection journals (to be kept throughout the duration of the course)
Poster presentations Tests
In Class Presentations
Assessment is embedded within the instructional process throughout each unit rather than being an isolated event at the end. Often, the learning and assessment tasks are the same, with formative assessment provided throughout the unit. In every case, the desired demonstration of learning is articulated clearly and the learning activity is planned to make that demonstration possible. This process of beginning with the end in mind helps to keep focus on the expectations of the course as stated in the course guideline. The evaluations are expressed as a percentage based upon the levels of achievement.
A variety of strategies are used to allow students opportunities to attain the necessary skills for success in this course and at the post-secondary level of study. To facilitate learning, the teacher uses a variety of activities engaging the whole class, small groups, and individual students.
Some of the approaches to teaching/learning include
rubric or marking scheme
self/peer or teacher
self or teacher
Teacher Led Review/Discussions
self/peer or teacher
self/peer or teacher
Self or teacher (summative)
The evaluation of this course is based on the four Ministry of Education achievement categories of knowledge and understanding (25%), thinking (25%), communication (25%), and application (25%). . The evaluation for this course is based on the student’s achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning.
The percentage grade represents the quality of the student’s overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline.
A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:
- 70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
- 30% of the grade will be based on a final exam administered at the end of the The exam will contain a summary of information from the course and will consist of well-formulated multiple-choice questions. These will be evaluated using a checklist.
- Various handouts and worksheets provided by the teacher
- General Writing Help: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/
- MLA Help: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
- ESL Help: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/engagement/3/
Teachers who are planning a program in English as a Second Language must take into account considerations in a number of important areas. Essential information that pertains to all disciplines is provided in the companion piece to this document, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 to 12: Program Planning and Assessment, 2000. The areas of concern to all teachers that are outlined there include the following:
- Education for Exceptional Students
- The Role of Technology in the Curriculum
- English as a Second Language (ESL) and English Literacy Development (ELD)
- Antidiscrimination Education in the English Program
- Literacy, Numeracy, and Inquiry/Research Skills
- Career Education
- Cooperative Education
- Health and Safety
Considerations relating to the areas listed above that have particular relevance for program planning in English are noted here.
It is important to ensure that all students, especially those with special education needs, are provided with the learning opportunities and supports they require to gain the knowledge, skills, and confidence needed to succeed in a rapidly changing society. The context of special education and the provision of special education programs and services for exceptional students in Ontario are constantly evolving. Provisions included in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Ontario Human Rights Code have driven some of these changes. Others have resulted from the evolution and sharing of best practices related to the teaching and assessment of students with special educational needs. Accommodations (instructional, environmental or assessment) allow the student with special education needs access to the curriculum without changes to the course curriculum expectations.
Environmental education teaches students about how the planet’s physical and biological systems work, and how we can create a more sustainable future. Good curriculum design following the resource document. This ensures that the student will have opportunities to acquire the knowledge, skills, perspectives and practices needed to become an environmentally literate citizen. The online course should provide opportunities for each student to address environmental issues in their home, in their local community, or even at the global level.
USCA helps students to become environmentally responsible. The first goal is to promote learning about environmental issues and solutions. The second goal is to engage students in practicing and promoting environmental stewardship in their community. The third goal stresses the importance of the education system providing leadership by implementing and promoting responsible environmental practices so that all stakeholders become dedicated to living more sustainably. Environmental education teaches students about how the planet’s physical and biological systems work, and how we can create a more sustainable future.
USCA provides a number of strategies to address the needs of ESL/ELD students to accommodate the needs of students who require instruction in English as a second language or English literacy development. Our teacher considers it to be his or her responsibility to help students develop their ability to use the English language properly. Appropriate accommodations affecting the teaching, learning, and evaluation strategies in this course may be made in order to help students gain proficiency in English, since students taking English as a second language at the secondary level have limited time in which to develop this proficiency. School determines the student’s level of proficiency in the English Language upon registration. This information is communicated to the teacher of the course following the registration and the teacher then invokes a number of strategies and resources to support the student in the course.
Throughout their secondary school education, students will learn about the educational and career opportunities that are available to them; explore and evaluate a variety of those opportunities; relate what they learn in their courses to potential careers in a variety of fields; and learn to make appropriate educational and career choices. The skills, knowledge and creativity that students acquire through this course are essential for a wide range of careers. Being able to express oneself in a clear concise manner without ambiguity in a second language, would be an overall intention of this course, as it helps students prepare for success in their working lives.
By applying the skills they have developed, students will readily connect their classroom learning to real-life activities in the world in which they live. Cooperative education and other workplace experiences will broaden their knowledge of employment opportunities in a wide range of fields. In addition, students will increase their understanding of workplace practices and the nature of the employer-employee relationship. Teachers should maintain links with community-based businesses to ensure that students have access to hands-on experiences that will reinforce the knowledge they have gained in school.
Every student is entitled to learn in a safe, caring environment, free from violence and harassment. Students learn and achieve better in such environments. The safe and supportive social environment at USCA is founded on healthy relationships between all people. Healthy relationships are based on respect, caring, empathy, trust, and dignity, and thrive in an environment in which diversity is honoured and accepted. Healthy relationships do not tolerate abusive, controlling, violent, bullying/harassing, or other inappropriate behaviours. To experience themselves as valued and connected members of an inclusive social environment, students need to be involved in healthy relationships with their peers, teachers, and other members.
Critical thinking is the process of thinking about ideas or situations in order to understand them fully, identify their implications, make a judgement, and/or guide decision making. Critical thinking includes skills such as questioning, predicting, analysing, synthesizing, examining opinions, identifying values and issues, detecting bias, and distinguishing between alternatives. Students who are taught these skills become critical thinkers who can move beyond superficial conclusions to a deeper understanding of the issues they are examining. They are able to engage in an inquiry process in which they explore complex and multifaceted issues, and questions for which there may be no clear-cut answers.
The school library program in USCA can help build and transform students’ knowledge in order to support lifelong learning in our information- and knowledge-based society. The school library program of these schools supports student success across the curriculum by encouraging students to read widely, teaching them to examine and read many forms of text for understanding and enjoyment, and helping them improve their research skills and effectively use information gathered through research. USCA teachers assist students in accessing a variety of online resources and collections (e.g., professional articles, image galleries, videos, databases). Teachers at USCA will also guide students through the concept of ownership of work and the importance of copyright in all forms of media.
Information literacy is the ability to access, select, gather, critically evaluate, and create information. Communication literacy refers to the ability to communicate information and to use the information obtained to solve problems and make decisions. Information and communications technologies are utilized by all Virtual High School students when the situation is appropriate within their online course. As a result, students will develop transferable skills through their experience with word processing, internet research, presentation software, and telecommunication tools, as would be expected in any other course or any business environment. Although the Internet is a powerful learning tool, there are potential risks attached to its use. All students must be made aware of issues related to Internet privacy, safety, and responsible use, as well as of the potential for abuse of this technology, particularly when it is used to promote hatred.
USCA provides varied opportunities for students to learn about ethical issues and to explore the role of ethics in both public and personal decision making. During the inquiry process, students may need to make ethical judgements when evaluating evidence and positions on various issues, and when drawing their own conclusions about issues, developments, and events. Teachers may need to help students in determining appropriate factors to consider when making such judgements. In addition, it is crucial that USCA teachers provide support and supervision to students throughout the inquiry process, ensuring that students engaged in an inquiry are aware of potential ethical concerns and address them in acceptable ways. Teachers will ensure that they thoroughly address the issue of plagiarism with students. In a digital world in which there is easy access to abundant information, it is very easy to copy the words of others and present them as one’s own. Students need to be reminded, even at the secondary level, of the ethical issues surrounding plagiarism, and the consequences of plagiarism should be clearly discussed before students engage in an inquiry. It is important to discuss not only dishonest plagiarism but also more negligent plagiarism instances.