|Course Title :||Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation (SCH3U)|
|Course Name :||Chemistry|
|Course Code :||SCH3U|
|Course Type :||University Preparation|
|Credit Value :||1.0|
|Prerequisite :||Science Grade 10 Academic, SNC2D|
|Curriculum Policy Document:||Science, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, 2008 (Revised)|
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.
Outline of Course Content
|Unit Titles and Descriptions||Time and Sequence|
|Unit 1: Elements and Compounds
Building on knowledge of atoms and elements gained in earlier grades, students will explore the subatomic properties of elements and the mechanisms by which a limited number of elements combine to become an enormous variety of stable compounds. Students will use empirical data and atomic theory to explain trends in the periodic table, and the nature of ionic and covalent bonds.
|Unit 2: Quantitative Chemistry
Having understood the nature of covalent bonding in some detail, students will start using two specific bonds — carbon- carbon, and carbon-hydrogen — to conceptually model chemical reactions such as combustion. The combustion of hydrocarbons is a reaction that is relatively straight-forward, so it is used to further model quantitative chemistry — the use of moles to describe numbers of molecules, the calculation of molar rations, the prediction of the quantities of products after a reaction has taken place, and so forth. Along the way, students will explore some of the technological and environmental considerations that are important to carbon chemistry. By the end of the unit, quantitative chemistry will be applied to a range of organic and inorganic contexts.
|Unit 3: The Gaseous Physical State
The study of gases has been a long concern of physical chemists: in fact, much of our knowledge of atomic structure and our calculations in quantitative chemistry have their roots in classic experiments on gases. These experiments will be explored, along with the mathematical formulae that they helped us to derive. Having acquired a strong understanding of the concept of molar ratios, students will use these calculations to solve a variety of problems involving the gaseous state. In this unit, students will also be introduced to the concepts of pressure and kinetic molecular theory. Technological and environmental considerations will be studied through guided independent work.
|Unit 4: Stoichiometry and the Importance of Balance
With foundations in different types of bonding, quantitative chemistry, and kinetic molecular theory, students are now ready to investigate problems involving solutions, solubility, and the elec tronic basis of pH. At this level, all of these studies have at their root a strong requirement for skillful stoichiometry — the understanding of how chemical equations balance in "real life". From the context of investigating variable solubility of polyatomic salts, different types of reaction will be explicitly classified and described. This will lead to a discussion of the activity series of metals, which ties back to the discussion near the beginning of the course about periodic table trends.
The final assessment task is a three hour exam worth 30% of the student’s final mark.