Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic (CHC2D)

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Course Title : Canadian History since World War I, Grade 10, Academic (CHC2D)
Course Name : Canadian History since World War I
Course Code : CHC2D
Grade : 10
Course Type : Academic
Credit Value : 1.0
Prerequisite : None
Curriculum Policy Document: Canadian and Word Studies, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 and 12, 2018 (Revised)
Course Developer: USCA Academy
Department: Canadian and World Studies
Development Date: June 2019
Most Recent Revision Date: June 2019

Course Description

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.


Overall Curriculum Expectations

A1 Historical Inquiry:

use the historical inquiry process and the concepts of historical thinking when investigating aspects of Canadian history since 1914

A2 Developing Transferable Skills:

apply in everyday contexts skills developed through historical investigation, and identify some careers in which these skills might be useful

B1 Social, Economic, and Political Context:

describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments between 1914 and 1929, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada

B2 Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation:

analyse some key interactions within and between different communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1914 to 1929, and how they affected Canadian society and politics

B3 Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage:

explain how various individuals, organizations, and specific social changes between 1914 and 1929 contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada

C1 Social, Economic, and Political Context:

describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments between 1929 and 1945, and assess their impact on different groups in Canada;

C2 Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation:

analyse some key interactions within and between communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1929 to 1945, with a focus on key issues that affected these interactions and changes that resulted from them;

C3 Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage:

explain how various individuals, groups, and events, including some major international events, contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada between 1929 and 1945;

D1 Social, Economic, and Political Context:

describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments in Canada between 1945 and 1982, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada

D2 Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation:

analyse some key experiences of and interactions between different communities in Canada, as well as interactions between Canada and the international community, from 1945 to 1982 and the changes that resulted from them

D3 Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage:

analyse how significant events, individuals, and groups, including Aboriginal peoples, Québécois, and immigrants, contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada between 1945 and 1982

E1 Social, Economic, and Political Context:

describe some key social, economic, and political events, trends, and developments in Canada from 1982 to the present, and assess their significance for different groups in Canada

E2 Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation:

analyse some significant interactions within and between various communities in Canada, and between Canada and the international community, from 1982 to the present, and how key issues and developments have affected these interactions

E3 Identity, Citizenship, and Heritage:

analyse how various significant individuals, groups, organizations, and events, both national and international, have contributed to the development of identity, citizenship, and heritage in Canada from 1982 to the present

Outline of Course Content

Unit Titles and Descriptions Time and Sequence
Unit 1: 1914-1918: First World War

This unit discusses Canada’s role in the First World War, and how it contributed to Canadian identity. It will address the issues of Canadian sovereignty, French- English relations, and the Aboriginal contribution to the war effort. The unit will also examine how, during this period and because of the war, the economy, the status of women, and immigration policy all changed.

14 hours
Unit 2: 1918-1928: The Roaring Twenties?

This unit will address the following questions: How did Canada exert and gain sovereignty during this period? Why is it significant that Canada’s sovereignty was recognized by other nations? How did the political climate of Canada change during this period of time? Why were these changes significant? How did the economic state of regions of Canada, Canada as a whole, and the world, influence events and attitudes in Canada during this time? How have Canadian attitudes towards human rights changed since the 1920s?

15 hours
Unit 3: 1929-1938: The Great Depression

This unit examines the ways in which the Great Depression affected Canadians’ daily lives, as well as the changes in Canadian domestic and international policies. This period marks the rise of Socialism, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and new social welfare policies. In keeping with the course’s larger themes, this unit also addresses the issue of Canadian identity and sovereignty with the introduction of the Statute of Westminster (1931).

15 hours
Unit 4: 1939-1945: Second World War

The Second World War was a major turning point in Canadian (and World) history. WWII was the deadliest conflict in human history. This, in addition to the mass slaughter of civilians during this time, led to massive social, political, and economic changes in Canada, and throughout the world. International organizations were implemented to make sure atrocities, such as the Holocaust, would never occur again. Citizens felt entitled to more rights and a higher standard of living after what they had contributed to their country. This led to the formation of many human rights organizations, and the implementation of new social welfare policies.

15 hours
Unit 5: 1946-1967: Challenge and Change

This unit examines in greater depth the social, political and cultural themes from the previous unit. During this era, racist policies were removed from immigration orders, the fight for equal pay for women began in earnest, and status Aboriginals were finally given the right to vote without having to give up being status Aboriginals. Refugees, once turned away from Canada’s borders, entered by the hundreds of thousands. However, despite these improvements to human rights, conflict continued. The Cold War started immediately after WWII between western capitalist democracies and eastern communist dictatorships, both sides testing nuclear bombs in Korea, Vietnam and elsewhere.

15 hours
Unit 6: 1968-1983: Canadian Identity

This unit deals with the era in Canada that spans Trudeau’s time as Prime Minister (with an interlude in 1979 of Joe Clark’s premiership). It was a time when Québec nationalism turned to sovereigntism, when the West’s wealth grew rich through hard work in the oil fields, and when Acadians fought for access to the same services as their English compatriots. Canada was forever changed directly by Trudeau’s changes, like his policies on bilingualism, multiculturalism and environmentalism. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which Canadians celebrate and enjoy to this day, is also a legacy of Trudeau’s government. On the other hand, much of modern history can be seen as a reaction to Trudeau’s policies. The Québec referenda in 1980 and 1995 were held partly in response to Trudeau’s hardline federalism. Civil rights groups still debate his response to terrorism in 1970, and financial analysts still debate his attitude towards the country’s money.

15 hours
Unit 7: 1984-2012: Global Context

This unit examines the theme of French-English relations with a discussion of the patriation of the constitution and the failure of the Meech Lake and Charlottetown accords, and the Québec referendum in 1995. It will also study the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the end of the Cold War. With only one super-power left in the world, politics became, in some ways, more complex. The European Union was born; Iraq became an enemy state to the West; Yugoslavia and Rwanda became notorious during periods of intense violence. Undoubtedly, the greatest sea change was the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, and the world’s response to it, which continues to this day.

14 hours
Unit 8: Project

For this assignment, students will produce a virtual museum (digital or online) exhibit on a specific topic in Canadian history. The exhibit can be presented via website, blog, PowerPoint, Prezi presentation or another media form (to be approved by the student’s teacher). This assignment is worth 10% of the overall grade.

5 hours
Final Evaluation

The final assessment is a two hour exam on Nutrition worth 20% of the student’s final mark.

2 hours
Total 110 hours

Teaching & Learning Strategies includes:

  • modeled, shared and guided instruction
  • Video-conferences and gym time Brainstorming
  • Independent study/ health log Practical experience
  • Cooperative group learning
  • Portfolio Role Playing and Case scenarios
  • Experiential learning
  • Independent research Teacher analysis
  • Active participation Presentations
  • Robust thinking (critical analysis and reflection).
  • Internet and multimedia (i.e. human body) Use of game console (Wii console; Wii fit)
  • other agencies presentations

Assessment and evaluation will follow the Ministry of Education’s Growing Success document. Assessment is a systematic process of collecting information or evidence about a student’s progress towards meeting the learning expectations. Assessment is embedded in the instructional activities throughout a unit. The expectations for the assessment tasks are clearly articulated and the learning activity is planned to make that demonstration possible. This process of beginning with the end in mind helps to keep focus on the expectations of the course. The purpose of assessment is to gather the data or evidence and to provide meaningful feedback to the student about how to improve or sustain the performance in the course. Scaled criteria designed as rubrics are often used to help the student to recognize their level of achievement and to provide guidance on how to achieve the next level. Although assessment information can be gathered from a number of sources (the student himself, the student’s course mates, the teacher), evaluation is the responsibility of only the teacher. For evaluation is the process of making a judgment about the assessment information and determining the percentage grade or level.

The assessment will be based on the following processes that take place in the classroom:

Assessment FOR LearningAssessment AS LearningAssessment OF Learning

During this process the teacher seeks information from the students in order to decide where the learners are and where they need to go.

During this process the teacher fosters the capacity of the students and establishes individual goals for success with each one of them.

During this process the teacher reports student’s results in accordance to established criteria to inform how well students are learning.


Classroom discussion Self-evaluation Peer assessment

Classroom discussion Small group discussion Post-lab conferencesPresentations of research Debates
Drama workshops (taking direction) Steps in problem solvingGroup discussionsPresentations Group Presentations
Student ProductsStudent ProductsStudent Products
Reflection journals (to be kept throughout the duration of the course)
Check Lists
Success Criteria
Practice sheets
Socrative quizzes
Poster presentations Tests
In Class Presentations

The evaluation of this course is based on the four Ministry of Education achievement categories of knowledge and understanding (25%), thinking (25%), communication (25%), and application (25%). . The evaluation for this course is based on the student’s achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning.

The percentage grade represents the quality of the student’s overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline.

A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:

  • 70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of
  • 30% of the grade will be based on a final exam administered at the end of the The exam will contain a summary of information from the course and will consist of well-formulated multiple choice questions. These will be evaluated using a checklist.


McGraw-Hill Ryerson Creating Canada: A History – 1914 to the Present Second Edition © 2014


Potential Resources

  • Access to various internet websites for guided research activities

For the teachers who are planning a program in Canadian History must take into account several important areas. The areas of concern to all teachers that are outlined in the policy document of Ontario Ministry of Education, include the following:

  • teaching approaches
  • types of secondary school courses
  • education for exceptional students
  • the role of technology in the curriculum
  • English as a second language (ESL) and English literacy development (ELD)
  • career education
  • cooperative education and other workplace experiences
  • health and safety in mathematics

It is important to ensure that all students, especially those with special education needs, are provided with the learning opportunities and supports they require to gain the knowledge, skills, and confidence needed to succeed in a rapidly changing society. The context of special education and the provision of special education programs and services for exceptional students in Ontario are constantly evolving.

Provisions included in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Ontario Human Rights Code have driven some of these changes. Others have resulted from the evolution and sharing of best practices related to the teaching and assessment of students with special educational needs. Accommodations (instructional, environmental or assessment) allow the student with special education needs access to the curriculum without changes to the course curriculum expectations.

Environmental education teaches students about how the planet’s physical and biological systems work, and how we can create a more sustainable future. Good curriculum design following the resource document. This ensures that the student will have opportunities to acquire the knowledge, skills, perspectives and practices needed to become an environmentally literate citizen. The online course should provide opportunities for each student to address environmental issues in their home, in their local community, or even at the global level.

USCA helps students to become environmentally responsible. The first goal is to promote learning about environmental issues and solutions. The second goal is to engage students in practicing and promoting environmental stewardship in their community. The third goal stresses the importance of the education system providing leadership by implementing and promoting responsible environmental practices so that all stakeholders become dedicated to living more sustainably. Environmental education teaches students about how the planet’s physical and biological systems work, and how we can create a more sustainable future.

USCA provides a number of strategies to address the needs of ESL/ELD students to accommodate the needs of students who require instruction in English as a second language or English literacy development. Our teacher considers it to be his or her responsibility to help students develop their ability to use the English language properly. Appropriate accommodations affecting the teaching, learning, and evaluation strategies in this course may be made in order to help students gain proficiency in English, since students taking English as a secondlanguage at the secondary level have limited time in which to develop this proficiency. School determines the student’s level of proficiency in the English Language upon registration. This information is communicated to the teacher of the course following the registration and the teacher then invokes a number of strategies and resources to support the student in the course.

Throughout their secondary school education, students will learn about the educational and career opportunities that are available to them; explore and evaluate a variety of those opportunities; relate what they learn in their courses to potential careers in a variety of fields; and learn to make appropriate educational and career choices. The skills, knowledge and creativity that students acquire through this course are essential for a wide range of careers. Being able to express oneself in a clear concise manner without ambiguity in a second language, would be an overall intention of this course, as it helps students prepare for success in their working lives.

By applying the skills they have developed, students will readily connect their classroom learning to real-life activities in the world in which they live. Cooperative education and other workplace experiences will broaden their knowledge of employment opportunities in a wide range of fields. In addition, students will increase their understanding of workplace practices and the nature of the employer-employee relationship. Teachers should maintain links with community-based businesses to ensure that students have access to hands-on experiences that will reinforce the knowledge they have gained in school.

Every student is entitled to learn in a safe, caring environment, free from violence and harassment. Students learn and achieve better in such environments. The safe and supportive social environment at USCA is founded on healthy relationships between all people. Healthy relationships are based on respect, caring, empathy, trust, and dignity, and thrive in an environment in which diversity is honoured and accepted. Healthy relationships do not tolerate abusive, controlling, violent, bullying/harassing, or other inappropriate behaviours. To experience themselves as valued and connected members of an inclusive social environment, students need to be involved in healthy relationships with their peers, teachers, and other members.

Critical thinking is the process of thinking about ideas or situations in order to understand them fully, identify their implications, make a judgement, and/or guide decision making. Critical thinking includes skills such as questioning, predicting, analysing, synthesizing, examining opinions, identifying values and issues, detecting bias, and distinguishing between alternatives. Students who are taught these skills become critical thinkers who can move beyond superficial conclusions to a deeper understanding of the issues they are examining. They are able to engage in an inquiry process in which they explore complex and multifaceted issues, and questions for which there may be no clear-cut answers.

The school library program in USCA can help build and transform students’ knowledge in order to support lifelong learning in our information- and knowledge-based society. The school library program of these schools supports student success across the curriculum by encouraging students to read widely, teaching them to examine and read many forms of text for understanding and enjoyment, and helping them improve their research skills and effectively use information gathered through research. USCA teachers assist students in accessing a variety of online resources and collections (e.g., professional articles, image galleries, videos, databases). Teachers at USCA will also guide students through the concept of ownership of work and the importance of copyright in all forms of media.

Information literacy is the ability to access, select, gather, critically evaluate, and create information. Communication literacy refers to the ability to communicate information and to use the information obtained to solve problems and make decisions. Information and communications technologies are utilized by all Virtual High School students when the situation is appropriate within their online course. As a result, students will develop transferable skills through their experience with word processing, internet research, presentation software, and telecommunication tools, as would be expected in any other course or any business environment. Although the Internet is a powerful learning tool, there are potential risks attached to its use. All students must be made aware of issues related to Internet privacy, safety, and responsible use, as well as of the potential for abuse of this technology, particularly when it is used to promote hatred.

USCA provides varied opportunities for students to learn about ethical issues and to explore the role of ethics in both public and personal decision making. During the inquiry process, students may need to make ethical judgements when evaluating evidence and positions on various issues, and when drawing their own conclusions about issues, developments, and events. Teachers may need to help students in determining appropriate factors to consider when making such judgements. In addition, it is crucial that USCA teachers provide support and supervision to students throughout the inquiry process, ensuring that students engaged in an inquiry are aware of potential ethical concerns and address them in acceptable ways. Teachers will ensure that they thoroughly address the issue of plagiarism with students. In a digital world in which there is easy access to abundant information, it is very easy to copy the words of others and present them as one’s own. Students need to be reminded, even at the secondary level, of the ethical issues surrounding plagiarism, and the consequences of plagiarism should be clearly discussed before students engage in an inquiry. It is important to discuss not only dishonest plagiarism but also more negligent plagiarism instances.